Trigunarso, Sri Indra and Fikri, Ahmad and Santoso, Budi (2022) INCRIMINATION AND BLOOD FEEDING ON MOLECULAR MALARIA VECTORS IN PESAWARAN DISTRICT, LAMPUNG PROVINCE. Diploma thesis, Poltekkes Tanjungkarang.

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There are 10 species of Anopheles spp. suspected as vectors of malaria in Lampung Province,
namely An. vagus, An. sundaicus, An. barbirotris, An. acconitus, An. indefinite, An. kochi, An. subpictus,
An. tesselatus, An. minimus, An. maculatus. Vector confirmation by PCR method is more effective as a
tool to determine malaria vectors. Another thing that can support Anopheles spp mosquitoes to become
malaria vectors is the preference for blood feed from the Anopheles. The female Anopheles mosquito
feeds on human blood (anthropophilic) or livestock blood (zoophilic) at night. This study aims to confirm
the presence of plasmodium in Anopheles spp species, determine Anopheles spp blood feed
preferences and determine the distribution map of Anopheles spp. in Pesawaran Regency, Lampung
Province. A sampling of Anopheles spp. carried out in 5 Coastal Villages in the working area of the
Hanura Health Center, Tanjung Pandan District, Pesawaran Regency, Lampung Province. The Nested PCR
test was carried out at the Laboratory of the Jakarta Environmental Health Engineering Center on
female Anopheles spp. mosquitoes caught during night fishing. The results of this study confirmed that
no Plasmodium was found in Anopheles sundaicus in the head and thorax, the blood in the stomach
found 6 mosquitoes containing human blood, Anopheles sundaicus was most dominantly caught in 5
villages in Teluk Pandan District, Pesawaran Regency, Lampung Provinces. Density level An. sundaicus in
Batu Meyan Village with MLR 4, Hanura Village MLR 3.75, Sidodadi Village MLR 3, Lempasing Village
MLR 0.25 and in Tanjung Jaya Village with MLR 0. The activity of sucking blood from An. sundaicus began
to be caught at 21.00 until 03.00 with the highest peak at 11.00-02.00 WIB (Western Indonesia Time).

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Poltekkes Tanjungkarang Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan > Program Studi Sarjana Terapan Sanitasi Lingkungan
Depositing User: library punya poltekkes
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2022 09:16
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2022 09:16

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